The Holy Spirit
(Who He Is and What He Does)
Who He Is:
A.  God, (Acts 5:3,4)
B.  The Third Person of the Trinity, (Matt. 28:20; II Cor. 13:14)
      (If there are not three distinct persons that make up the essence of God, then there is 
      no need to baptize or to bless in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit;
      however, the Bible makes clear there is such a need.  Please read the above verses.)
C.  Possessor of personal attributes, (demonstrating He is not a mere influence).
1.
Regenerates, (Jn. 3:5,6)
2.
Comforts, (Jn. 14:16; 15:26)
3.
Teaches, (Jn. 14:26)
4.
Testifies of Christ, (Jn. 15:26)
5.
Convicts of sin, of righteousness and of judgment, (Jn. 16:8-11)
6.
Guides, (Jn. 16:13)
7.
Glorifies Christ, (Jn. 16:14)
8.
Speaks, (Acts 13:2)
9.
Directs, (Acts 16:6,7)
10. Helps and intercedes, (Rom. 8:26)
11. Searches and knows, (I Cor. 2:10,11)
12. Distributes spiritual gifts, (I Cor. 12:1)
What He does
A.  Glorifies Jesus Christ and gives testimony of him – his principle work, (Jn. 15:26; 
      16:14)  (Therefore, all worship rendered by the Church will have as its goal the
      glorification and exaltation of Christ.  In this way it will be known if the Holy Spirit
      is or is not in control of the Church and its worship.)
B.  Resides together with the Son and the Father in each Christian at the moment Jesus
    Christ is received personally, (Jn. 14:17, 23).  (Consequently, the Holy Spirit is not
     received after the initial act of faith.  God is one and is not received piecemeal.)
1.
Each believer has the manifestation of the Holy Spirit for the common good,
      (I Cor. 12:7).
2.
Each believer is baptized into the Body of Christ (the Church) by the Holy Spirit,
            (I Cor. 12:13).
3.
Each believer is sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise the guarantee of our
inheritance, (Eph. 1:13, 14; 4:30).
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N.B.  The promise given by Jesus Christ regarding the coming of the Holy Spirit was
fulfilled on the day of Pentecost – the beginning of the Church.  Now this promise is
fulfilled when the believer comes to Jesus by faith and becomes a part of his Church.  It
is not a promise for some Christians only – excluding others, (Jn 16:7, 13; Lk. 24:49;
Acts 1:4, 5, 8).
  C.  Fills the believer, (Eph. 5:18)
         1.  Even though every believer always possess all of the Holy Spirit, lamentably the 
              Holy Spirit does not always possess all of the believer – because of disobedience,
              (Gal. 5:17).
         2.  Therefore, disobedience must be confessed constantly, (I Jn. 1:9).
         3.  Upon repenting and confessing his sin, the believer is controlled again by the
              Holy Spirit, (Gal. 5:16, 25).
N.B.  Often the filling of the Holy Spirit is confused with the baptism of the Holy Spirit. 
Biblically, every believer is baptized once in the Holy Spirit upon receiving Jesus Christ. 
The filling of the Holy Spirit takes place multiple times in the life of the believer.
  D.  Produces the fruit of his presence in the experience of each believer, (Gal. 5:22, 23).
        1.  Love the foundation of all Christian life, (I Cor. 13).
        2.  Love – a way more excellent than any or all spiritual gifts, (I Cor. 12:31,
             13:1)  (Consequently, in the experience of the Church, the manifestation of the
             fruit of the Spirit is infinitely more important than the exercise of the gifts of the
             Spirit.)
  E.   Distributes spiritual gifts to believers as He wills for the common good of the
        Church.  (As a consequence, it is the duty of each believer to simply accept and use
        the gift or gifts he received at the moment of faith in Christ.)
         1. Without exception the Holy Spirit distributes spiritual gifts to believers for their
              mutual edification – never in order to satisfy a curiosity or personal desire,
              (I Cor. 14:2, 26; Eph. 4:12, 16; I Pet. 4:10).
         2.  Regarding the gift of tongues:
              a.  Besides being inferior to the fruit of the Spirit, it is inferior to the other gifts,
                   (I Cor. 12:28, 14:1-5).  (So then, in the experience of the Church, the gift of
                   tongues ought to occupy an inferior position.)
              b.  It is not for all believers since no spiritual gift is for all believers, 
                   (I Cor. 12:29, 30).
              c.  It is not to be emphasized in the churches because it is preferable to teach
                   what can be understood rather than what cannot be understood, (I Cor. 14:19).
              d.  It is manifested in the following manner:
                   1.)  No more than three persons in any one meeting and consecutively, 
                         (I Cor. 14:27).
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                    2.)  Always with interpretation, (I Cor. 14:27, 28).  (So that, whatever church
                           permits the use of tongues in any other way does not obey biblical
                           norms.)
               e.  It concentrates on the Person of Jesus Christ, (I Jn 4:1-3).
F.  Manifests himself in the believer and in the church decently and in order, 
     (I Cor. 14:33, 40).  (Consequently, if there is any confusion or disorder it is known
 
   that such a manifestation is not from God.)
G.  Acts always in a way consonant with the teachings already revealed in the Word of
God, (Mt. 28:20; I Cor. 15:1-4; II Cor. 11:13-15; Gal. 1:8, I Thess. 2:13; II Thess 2:15;
Titus 1:9; II Pet. 1:19-21; Jd. 3).  (In other words, there are no new revelations for the
faith and practice of the Church!  The Bible is completely sufficient!  That is why, for
example, tongues or the foretelling of future things are of no real consequence to the
Church since anything which might be spoken must be judged in accordance with what
has already been revealed in Scripture.  Outside of the sixty-six books of Holy Scripture
there can be no further expression which is considered to be inspired truth from the Holy
Spirit.  God has spoken, and what He has revealed to in his Word is sufficient and final.)
“He that has ears, let him hear what the Holy Spirit says to the churches.”, (Rev. 2:7, 11, 
17, 29; 3:6, 13, 22).